World records
    Highest mountain
    Mt. Everest, on the Nepal, Tibet border, with an elivation of 8,848 meters (29,029 ft), is the highest mountain in the world
    Tallest mountain
    The 9,750 meters (32,000 ft) tall Mauna Kea in Hawaii (USA) is the tallest mountain in the world. It is not the highest mountain on earth as most of it is submerged in the ocean
    Highest free-standing mountain
    Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania 5,895 meters (19,341 ft) is the highest free-standing mountain (not part of any range) in the world
    Largest lake by area
    The Caspian Sea, with a surface area of 371,000 km2 (143,200 mi2), is the largest lake on Earth.
    Largest fresh water lake by volume
    Lake Baikal of Russia is the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world, containing 20% of the world's fresh surface water.
    Deepest lake
    With a maximum depth of 1,642 m (5,387 ft), Lake Baikal in Russia is the world's deepest lake.
    Farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center.
    The summit of Chimborazo in Ecuador is the farthest point on the surface from Earth's center. Because of the oblate spheroid shape of the planet Earth, which is "thicker" around the Equator than measured around the poles, the summit is 6,384.4 km (3,967.1 mi) from the Earth's center, 2,163 m (7,096 ft) farther than the summit of Everest from the Earth's center).
    Largest island
    Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat) is the world's largest island (Australia, although larger, is a continental landmass rather than an island)
    Most populous island
    Java of Indonesia is the most populous island in the world
    Largest river island
    Mājuli, a 352 kilometer2 (136 miles2) river island in the Brahmaputra River, Assam, India, is the largest river island in the world.
    Longest pregnancy
    The common frilled shark, which endures 42-month pregnancy, has the longest recorded gestation period of any animal species. African bush elephant, with a 21-month pregnancy, has the longest gestation period of any land animal
    General Knowledge Encyclopedia