Mt. Everest, on the Nepal, Tibet border, with an elivation of 8,848 meters (29,029 ft), is the highest mountain in the world
The 9,750 meters (32,000 ft) tall Mauna Kea in Hawaii (USA) is the tallest mountain in the world. It is not the highest mountain on earth as most of it is submerged in the ocean
Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania 5,895 meters (19,341 ft) is the highest free-standing mountain (not part of any range) in the world
The Caspian Sea, with a surface area of 371,000 km2 (143,200 mi2), is the largest lake on Earth.
Lake Baikal of Russia is the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world, containing 20% of the world's fresh surface water.
With a maximum depth of 1,642 m (5,387 ft), Lake Baikal in Russia is the world's deepest lake.
The summit of Chimborazo in Ecuador is the farthest point on the surface from Earth's center. Because of the oblate spheroid shape of the planet Earth, which is "thicker" around the Equator than measured around the poles, the summit is 6,384.4 km (3,967.1 mi) from the Earth's center, 2,163 m (7,096 ft) farther than the summit of Everest from the Earth's center).
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat) is the world's largest island (Australia, although larger, is a continental landmass rather than an island)
Java of Indonesia is the most populous island in the world
Mājuli, a 352 kilometer2 (136 miles2) river island in the Brahmaputra River, Assam, India, is the largest river island in the world.
The common frilled shark, which endures 42-month pregnancy, has the longest recorded gestation period of any animal species. African bush elephant, with a 21-month pregnancy, has the longest gestation period of any land animal